Montsuki and Hakama
A montsuki is garment bearing a family crest. Considered formal wear, montsuki were traditionally worn to weddings, official meetings, and other special occasions, though they are rarely seen today. The family crests which appear on these montsuki, however, originated in the Heian period (794-1191) and are still widely used; they vary in design from stylized flowers and plants to animals and everyday objects such as fans, keys, and bells. Hakama is a long, pleated, culotte-like Japanese traditional garment which worn with montsuki. If Japanese say, “montsuki hakama,” they don’t say it literally sometimes, but meaning a formal attire in a business setting.